The capital of India, Delhi is the largest city of India with an area of 1484sq. km. Serving as a capital for many kingdoms, Delhi has a rich history. Historical monuments such as the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s Tomb, and Purana Qila narrate the history of Delhi.
The city has been captured, ransacked, and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period, and modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across the metropolitan region. Remains of several major cities can be found in Delhi.
The first of these was in the southern part of present-day Delhi. Delhi is also home to modern monuments like India Gate. This place attracts a lot of history and architecture enthusiasts.
The Red Fort is a historical fort built by Shah Jahan in the year 1639. As the name suggests, the Red fort is build entirely of red sandstone. Today, this monument is home to several museums that have precious artifacts on display. Every year, the Indian Prime Minister hoists the national flag here on Independence Day.
This architectural masterpiece is a must-visit while touring Delhi.
Humayun’s tomb is the final resting place of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. it is the first garden-tomb in the Indian subcontinent. The design of Humayun’s tomb is a typical Mughal architecture with Persian influences. It was designed by Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyath. This tomb came in the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in 1993 due to its unique and beautiful architecture.
Qutub Minar is a minaret located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi. This is the second tallest monument of Delhi owing to its height of 238ft. This UNESCO World Heritage Site was build in 1192 by Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak, founder of Delhi Sultanate after he defeated the last Hindu Ruler of Delhi. Besides Qutub Minar, there are other historical monuments in the Qutub complex like Iron Pillar, Alai Darwaza, Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, and Alai Minar.
The All India War Memorial, known as the India Gate, is a 42-meter tall structure is similar to that of the Arch de Triomphe in France, the Gateway of India in Mumbai, and the Arch of Constantine in Rome. This monument is dedicated to 82,000 Indian and British soldiers who died during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. This monument has the names of 13,300 servicemen inscribed on its surface.
India Gate is also famous for hosting the Republic Day Parade every year.
Jantar Mantar is an observatory build to help and improve upon the studies of time and space. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh in the year 1724 and is a part of five such observatories located in Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi, and Mathura. Delhi’s Jantar Mantar consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments that can be useful to compile the astronomical tables and to predict the movement and timings of the sun, moon, and planets. Apart from its scientific value, this monument also architecturally mesmerizing.
Agrasen Ki Baoli
Agrasen Ki Baoli is an ancient water reservoir that rises from the depths of the earth to stand on top of 103 stone steps. This preserved monument with its old stone and brick walls takes you back in time. The structure of Agrasen Ki Baoli occupies a width of 15 meters and is 60 meters long which is quite impressive and this Baoli was build around the era of Mahabharata.
The largest mosque in India, Jama Masjid of Delhi, was build by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Jama Masjid extends for about 1200 square meters in area with three gateways, four towers, and two minarets which are 40 meters high.
Built-in the 17th century, this mosque is an outstanding example of Mughal architecture.
The Lodhi Garden is a garden that houses the tombs of Mohammed Shah and Sikandar Lodhi. This wonderful structure was constructed during the 15th century. The architecture here shows a mix of work by Sayyids and Lodhis. The contrast of dull-colored tombs and the lush green grass of the garden creates a captivating sight. Favorite among tourists, this garden is also a hub for the exercise routines of the locals.
Mehrauli Archaeological Park
Situated within a kilometer range of the Qutub complex, Mehrauli archaeological park gives a glimpse of the past era. Spread over 200 acres of land, this park includes the ruins of the Lal Kot built by the Tomar Rajputs in the 11th century. This area of the state has seen the rules of most influential dynasties as the monument is about 1000 years old.
Tughlaqabad Fort is a fort in Delhi build by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. The fort is one of the most beautiful pieces of Islamic architecture. The fort area also has the tomb of the founder and first ruler of the fort – Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq and his wife and son.
Built during the 18th century, Safdarjung tomb is a mausoleum of Safdarjung, who prime minister in the court of Mughal emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur. The monument is a low-key tourist attraction of the city. Safdarjung Tomb efficiently captures the legacy and the cultural aspects of the Mughal marvels.
This tomb is similar to that of Humayun’s tomb and is a must-visit place while you are in the historical city of Delhi.